Mum Bett - Civil Rights Activist
Maurice Ashley - Grandmaster
Octavia Spencer - Actress / Producer
Zora Neale Hurston - Author
Alain LeRoy Locke - Philosopher
Langston Hughes - Poet
Born into slavery in 1742, Mumbet (as she was then known) became the first woman to sue successfully for her freedom in the American Republic. She was working for her slave owner, Colonel John Ashley, in Sheffield, Massachusetts when she heard people discussing the new Massachusetts Constitution and its Declaration of Rights. She then approached attorney Theodore Sedgwick to bring a case in the Court of Common Pleas, arguing that she too had rights under this constitution. The name of her fellow slave, Brom, was added to the case, Brom and Bett v. Ashley, which in 1781, succeeded in winning them their freedom. Afterwards, John Ashley asked her to return to his home as a paid employee, but instead she worked as a housekeeper and nurse for the Sedgwicks under her new name, Elizabeth Freeman. She died in 1829 and was buried in the Sedgwick family plot.
>> Learn more: http://elizabethfreeman.mumbet.com/
Maurice Ashley is a Jamaican American chess grandmaster, author, commentator, app designer, puzzle inventor, and motivational speaker. In 1999 he earned the Grandmaster title, making him the world's first Grandmaster of a dark skin colour. I was schooled by the best hustlers back in the day! This was actually in Washington Square Park
Octavia Spencer will be an executive producer on the indie film, Mumbet, which is based on the film A Free Woman on God’s Earth by Jana Laiz and Ann-Elizabeth Barnes.
List of available books can be found here:
Maurice Ashley playing 30 chess tables with the kids !!
Zora Neale Hurston, (born January 7, 1891, Notasulga, Alabama, U.S.—died January 28, 1960, Fort Pierce, Florida), American folklorist and writer associated with the Harlem Renaissance who celebrated the African American culture of the rural South.
Zora Neale Hurston is considered one of the pre-eminent writers of twentieth-century African-American literature. Hurston was closely associated with the Harlem Renaissance and has influenced such writers as Ralph Ellison, Toni Morrison, Gayle Jones, Alice Walker, and Toni Cade Bambara.
In 1975, Ms. Magazine published Alice Walker's essay, "In Search of Zora Neale Hurston" reviving interest in the author. Hurston's four novels and two books of folklore resulted from extensive anthropological research and have proven invaluable sources on the oral cultures of African America.
Through her writings, Robert Hemenway wrote in The Harlem Renaissance Remembered, Hurston "helped to remind the Renaissance--especially its more bourgeois members--of the richness in the racial heritage."
Oct 16, 2014 - Alain LeRoy Locke was the first African American to be named a Rhodes Scholar. ... AlainLeRoy Locke was a philosopher best known for his writing on and support of the Harlem Renaissance.Alain LeRoy Locke was born on September 13, 1885, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Locke served as secretary and editor of the newly established Associates in Negro Folk Education. Between 1936 and 1942 this organization published nine "Bronze Booklets" written by leading African American scholars. Locke wrote two of these, Negro Art: Past and Present and The Negro and His Music, and edited a third, The Negro in Art: A Pictorial Record of the Negro Artist and of the Negro Theme in Art. The latter reemphasized his belief that African American artists should look to the works of their African ancestors for subject matter and styles to apply to modern painting and sculpture.
Locke continued his work in philosophy, actively promoting his theory of cultural pluralism (a society made up of several different cultures and their beliefs). This interest led to his pioneering 1942 social science anthology, coedited with Bernhard Stern, When Peoples Meet: A Study in Race and Culture Contacts, an examination of dominant and minority populations in various countries around the world.
Ossie Davis speaks about Dr. Locke:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7Qq9mvU0CHM
Born: February 1, 1902
Died: May 22, 1967
Langston Hughes was one of the most important writers and thinkers of the Harlem Renaissance, which was the African American artistic movement in the 1920s that celebrated black life and culture. His literary works helped shape American literature and politics. Hughes, like others active in the Harlem Renaissance, had a strong sense of racial pride. Through his poetry, novels, plays, essays, and children's books, he promoted equality, condemned racism and injustice, and celebrated African American culture, humor, and spirituality.
Andrew Neuendorf discussing the influence of Hughes & Locke on the Harlem Renaissance https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7eHHc0olPS4
Angela Davis, activist, educator, scholar, and politician, was born on January 26, 1944, in the “Dynamite Hill” area of Birmingham, Alabama.
Richard Claxton Gregory
Comedian, Civil Rights Activist, Diet Guru
Born October 12, 1932 St. Louis, MO
Died August 19, 2017
Jazz as Communication
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